About The TOEFL iBT Test

The TOEFL iBT test is a test to measure the English proficiency and academic skills of nonnative speakers of English.

It is required primarily by English-language colleges and universities. Additionally, institutions such as government agencies, businesses, or scholarship programs may require this test.


The TOEFL iBT  test currently has the following four sections:

  • The Reading section:

The Reading section consists of three long passages and questions about the passages. The passages are on academic topics; they are the kind of material that might be found in an undergraduate university textbook. Students answer questions about main ideas, details, inferences, sentence restatements. sentence insertion, vocabulary, function, and overall ideas.


  • The Listening section:

The Listening section consists of six long passages and questions about the passages. The passages consist of two student conversations and four academic lectures or discussions. The questions ask the students to determine the main ideas, details, function, stance, inferences, and overall organization.


  • The Speaking section:

The Speaking section consists of six tasks, two independent tasks, and four integrated tasks. In the two independent tasks, students must answer opinion questions about some aspect of academic life. In two integrated reading, listening. and speaking tasks, students must read a passage, listen to a passage, and speak about how the ideas in the two passages are related. In two integrated listening and speaking tasks, students must listen to long passages and then summarize and offer opinions on the information in the passages.


  • The Writing section:

The Writing section consists of two tasks, one integrated task and one independent task. In the integrated task, students must read an academic passage, listen to an academic passage, and write about how the ideas in the two passages are related. In the independent task, students must write a personal essay.

The probable format of an iBT TOEFL test is outlined in the following chart:

Test FormatApproximate Time
Reading3 passages and 39 questions60 minutes 
Listening6 passages and 34 questions50 minutes 
Speaking6 tasks and 6 questions 20 minutes 
Writing2 tasks and 2 questions55 minutes 

It should be noted that at least one of the sections of the test will include extra, uncounted material. Educational Testing Service (ETS) includes extra material to try out material for future tests. If you are given a longer section, you must work hard on all of the materials because you do not know which material counts and which material is extra.

(If there are four reading passages instead of three, three of the passages will count and one of the passages will not be counted. It is possible that the uncounted passage could be any of the four passages.)